However, negotiations on free trade agreements have become increasingly controversial in the general public. The transatlantic trade and investment partnership (TTIP) negotiations, the EU-US free trade agreement, are an example. Negotiations on the EU-Canada Free Trade Agreement (CETA) have also been controversial. Months of bitter struggle by political actors have seriously questioned the effectiveness and reliability of European trade policy decision-making and have undermined the EU`s international credibility and effectiveness. Countries with rules of origin under the EMP agreement In accordance with ECJ guidelines, the EU is now developing free trade agreements to ensure that they remain within the EXCLUSIVE competence of the EU. Therefore, areas such as investor-state dispute settlement and portfolio investments must be negotiated in the case of separate agreements. This clear division of the domains into different agreements makes it possible for European legislators to ratify and enforce free trade agreements quickly and reliably. However, such a separation is not possible if trade agreements are an integral part of political association agreements (for example. B with Ukraine, Mexico, Mercosur, etc.). These contracts remain mixed, if only because of the foreign and security policy components (the EU negotiations with Mercosur are based on a 20-year term and do not involve the settlement of investor-state disputes). Negotiating free trade agreements is far from easy. Due to the complexity of modern free trade agreements, negotiations can take years.
At the end of June 2019, about 20 years after the start of the negotiations, the European Commission reached an agreement in principle on the free trade agreement with the Mercosur countries. Months of work must be invested in the details before the agreement is ready to be signed. Legislators do not expect the agreement to be tabled until the second half of 2020. Modern EU free trade agreements want to do more than reduce tariffs. In addition, they aim to improve market access by removing non-tariff barriers (for example. B, regulatory cooperation), liberalizing trade in services and opening markets to public procurement. These agreements go far beyond the scope of the WTO. These include competition rules, access to foreign direct investment and rules guaranteeing sustainability (employment and the environment).
The EU is working to modernise previous agreements with Chile and Mexico, which contain only fundamental economic aspects. The European Union has free trade agreements  and other agreements with a trade component with many countries around the world and negotiates with many other countries.  On August 5, 2014, Canada and the European Union agreed on the final text of a free trade agreement. The text was received by EU member states and Canadian provinces and territories. This interactive map provides an overview of EFTA`s preferential trade relationships with partners around the world. Click on any country that displays in color for more information. The limits presented do not affect their legal status. An image of the map (large version) can be downloaded. EFTA free trade agreements are notified to the World Trade Organization (WTO). They build on WTO rules and obligations to improve the cross-border economic trade framework and add value to reduce barriers to trade and legal security.
EFTA states see free trade agreements as a complement and not as a substitute for the multilateral trading system. Of course, this clear division does not mean that the ratification of free trade agreements lacks democratic legitimacy. Responsibility for trade policy rests with the EU; since the Lisbon Treaty, trade agreements must be ratified by the European Parliament. Nevertheless, the parliaments of the Member States should be informed in a timely and comprehensive manner of the negotiations on the