The agreement is also a blow to China, by far the largest market in the region, with more than 1.3 billion people, allowing Beijing to position itself as a “champion of globalization and multilateral cooperation” and give it greater influence over regional trade rules, said Gareth Leather, Asia`s chief capital economic economist. , in a report. Given that Indian officials estimate that some lines are used up to 5%, India strives to ensure the trade balance in key lines, such as chemistry, rubber, metals, medical instruments and gemstones and jewellery. India and the Philippines have also negotiated the revision and clarification of certain aspects of its Convention on the Prevention of Double Taxation (DBA) with regard to the taxation of income from professional services. The newly revised DBAA is expected to be signed at some point this year. The agreement excludes the United States, which withdrew from an Asia-Pacific trade pact in 2017. Although the ASEAN-India Free Trade Agreement has many advantages, India is concerned that the agreement will have several negative effects on the economy. As has already been said, both regions are trying to reduce their tariffs on a large portion of their traded products. This will allow them to increase market access for their products. However, it is criticized that India is not experiencing as large an increase in market access to ASEAN countries as ASEAN in India.  ASEAN`s economies are largely export-oriented and have high export rates to GDP (in 2007, Malaysia had a rate above 100%).
 Given the above, as well as the global financial crisis and India`s expansionary domestic market, ASEAN countries are eager to consider India as the country of origin for its exports.  The ASEAN-India Merchandise Trade Agreement (TIG) was signed on 13 August 2009 at the 7th ASEAN Economic Ministers` Conference (AEM) – India in Bangkok, Thailand. The agreement entered into force on 1 January 2010 for India and some ASEAN member states. The entry into force of the agreement by other ASEAN and India member states will be the date on which ASEAN and India will be ready to implement it. For Brunei Darussalam, the implementation date for the Goods Trade Agreement was June 1, 2010. At the 10th ASEAN-India Summit in New Delhi on 20 December 2012, India and ASEAN concluded negotiations on free trade agreements on services and investment. Both sides expect bilateral trade to rise to $100 billion by 2015 and $200 billion within a decade.  In addition, the signing of the RCEP may not bring the process to an end- since several countries must ratify the agreement through parliamentary procedure. But officials also noted that there was not much room because there were no more complicated negotiations on the text. Relations between India and Cambodia were further strengthened in 2011 during the first round of consultations of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (FOC).
These consultations focused on trade and bilateral cooperation, with a focus on politics, the economy, security, education and training, culture, information technology and agriculture. Since India granted Vietnam “Most Favored” nation status in 1975, trade relations have been robust. In 1978, the two countries signed a bilateral trade agreement, followed by the Bilateral Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (BIPPA) on 8 March 1997. The agreement establishing a joint commission for bilateral cooperation was signed during President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo`s state visit to India on 5 October 2007, with the aim of further strengthening and strengthening cooperation in the fields of trade, economy, science and technology.